The removal of Mauro Carlesse (PSL) from the government of Tocantins, determined by the Superior Court of Justice (STJ), on Wednesday (20), is another element that points to a strong political instability in the state since its foundation, in 1988.
Since 2006, governors chosen in general elections do not finish their term. Seven politicians have already occupied the position of head of the state Executive Power throughout history. Only four of them came to office through popular vote.
Ceará: Families who were filmed collecting food from the garbage receive donation of food baskets
The decision that removed the governor of Tocantins, Mauro Carlesse (PSL), for six months, was taken by the Special Court of the Superior Court of Justice (STJ). The order that was analyzed by the Special Court was taken by Minister Mauro Campbell in an investigation into the alleged payment of bribes and obstruction of investigations.
“It is a drastic measure, but I recognize that it is very necessary”, said the rapporteur.
The investigation against Carlesse began about two years ago, and it is estimated that around R$ 44 million were paid as improper advantages, according to the STJ. Values may be higher, as the participation of other companies in the scheme is still being investigated.
:: Why did Guedes’ secretaries abandon the boat? Understand the cost ceiling trap ::
In an interview with Brazil in fact, lawyer Cristian Ribas, vice president of the Human Rights Commission of the Brazilian Bar Association (OAB-TO), said that it is necessary to view the governor’s removal with caution.
“It is important to highlight that the STJ, although it is competent to control the legality and decide on the need for the precautionary removal of an agent of the executive, this must be done in a manner compatible with democracy. In this sense, it is not clear for society and for the population the reasons that justified the governor’s removal,” he said.
“Transparency with the grounds for removal is fundamental so that there is no doubt that there is no disrespect for democratic guarantees with regard to a political agent who was democratically elected,” commented Ribas.
:: Jurists believe that Covid’s CPI will not end in “pizza”, despite unknowns about Aras ::
Ribas also expressed concern about the state government’s capacity to reinforce the fight against the pandemic in its final stretch, in addition to other important issues, such as the privatization of the Jalapão State Park and successive cases of violence in the countryside.
In 2009, when he was in his second term as governor – the previous one was the last to be completed since then –, Marcelo Miranda (MDB) was impeached by the Electoral Court. He was replaced by Carlos Gaguim, who was unsuccessful in re-election.
Gaguim’s successor was Siqueira Campos (DEM), who left office in 2014 to try to make her son’s candidacy for the same post viable, which did not happen. Sandoval Cardoso took over the position, who was defeated at the ballot box by the same Marcelo Miranda.
:: Brazil lobbied to change climate reporting and protect agribusiness, says Greenpeace ::
On his return to Palácio Araguaia, Miranda again did not finish his term and ended up being revoked for the second time in 2018. He was replaced by Mauro Carlesse in the buffer term. The politician ended up conquering the Araguaia Palace in a general election in 2018.
Elected with support from Bolsonaro: three away
Jair Bolsonaro’s (non-party) victory in the 2018 presidential election had the declared support of 12 of the 27 elected governors. With less than three years in office, three of them were even removed from office due to accusations of corruption. Carlesse joined Wilson Witzel (PSC), from Rio de Janeiro, Carlos Moisés (PSL), from Santa Catarina – the latter returned to his position.
Recall the other cases:
Wilson Witzel (PSC)
In April of this year, former governor Wilson Witzel was permanently removed from the position of governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro.
Wiltzel had a meteoric career in politics. Unknown to voters, the former judge surfed the wave of pocketbookism in 2018 and won the elections by promising to give police a free hand and defending that criminals armed with rifles should be shot “in the head”.
In a mandate that lasted a year and seven months, Witzel was involved in controversies mainly for the defense of a Public Security policy aimed at militarization and direct confrontation.
Carlos Moses (PSL)
In May of this year, he returned to the position of governor of Santa Catarina after more than a month away from office due to an impeachment process.
After the impeachment trial court accepted the complaint against Moses in the respirators case in March, he was removed from office. During this period, the deputy governor, Daniela Reinehr (non-party), assumed command of the state.
Edition: Leandro Melito