The Federal Supreme Court (STF) formed a majority in the late afternoon of Tuesday (9), due to the unconstitutionality of the controversial “secret budget”, of the Bolsonaro government.
Ministers Carmen Lúcia, Edson Fachin, Luís Roberto Barroso, Ricardo Lewandowski and Alexandre de Moraes voted in favor of the preliminary injunction granted last Friday (5) by the rapporteur of the case, Rosa Weber, who had fully suspended the execution of funds for the amendments to reporter.
::What is the secret budget? Understand the scheme used by Bolsonaro and Lira in Congress::
Used by the government to distribute public resources to allies in exchange for political support in the House and Senate, such amendments are controversial because they follow a flow marked by a lack of transparency and social control, as understood by Weber. The magistrate said, at the time, that the secret budget system has “an obscure character”.
This was also the main argument put forward by Psol in the Action for Non-compliance with Fundamental Precepts (ADPF) 854, which motivated the judgment. The theme is under analysis in the Court’s virtual plenary this Tuesday and should have a final score by midnight.
The government’s defeat in the STF may affect, among other things, the vote on the Constitutional Amendment Proposal (PEC) 23/2021, the “PEC dos Precatórios”, which is being voted on in the plenary of the Chamber this Tuesday and, if approved by the deputies, should still go to the Senate.
Understand the secret budget
Jair Bolsonaro’s (non-party) government created a billion-dollar parallel budget in amendments at the end of 2020 to get support from the “central” in the National Congress. A series of reports published by the newspaper O State of São Paulo revealed the scandal based on hundreds of letters sent by deputies and senators to ministries of the Federal Executive.
The documents, obtained by the newspaper over the past few months, show that this scheme tramples on budget laws, as it is the ministers and not the congressmen who should define where to apply the resources.
In addition, the agreements and the allocation of money were not public, as well as the distribution was not equal among congressmen, evidencing the government’s electoral interest.
:: Lira challenges STF, criticizes OAB and maintains a new vote on the PEC dos Precatórios this Tuesday ::
Edition: Vinícius Segalla