In a live broadcast held this Wednesday (1), the Brazil in fact invited experts to discuss the holding of demonstrations with anti-democratic agendas encouraged by President Jair Bolsonaro (No party). His supporters plan to attend on September 7th, Independence Day.
Participating in the live were political scientist Claudio Couto, professor of Political Science at Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV-SP); lawyer Julia Almeida Vasconcelos, Master in Law from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) and member of the Nucleus for the Study of Violence (NEV) at USP and the leader of the Landless Rural Workers Movement (MST), João Paulo Rodrigues.
The debate analyzed the strategy used by Bolsonaro to fuel institutional chaos, with a focus on the 2022 elections and the disruption of Brazilian society. “Bolsonaro’s bet is that this chaos will end up leading to processes of political violence, which emerge as something that can call for some kind of resolving intervention”, pointed out professor Claudio Couto.
For the Pocketnaristas, the protests would be a kind of high point in the crisis forced by the president in recent months. Without a clear central agenda, the calls for the act are divided into themes such as the requirement for a printed vote in the next elections, the “renewal” of the Federal Supreme Court (STF) and the return of the military regime.
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There are calls from conservative communication channels that also mention more exotic demands, such as the “criminalization of communism” and the creation of a political regime that only allows the existence of two parties.
The demonstrations have received support from agribusiness groups and the military police, but there is no general consensus in these sectors about the acts. Publications spread through social networks touting the participation of truck drivers, soy producers and military police.
In the case of PMs, calls for acts with anti-democratic agendas caused reactions. The governor of São Paulo, João Doria (PSDB), removed the active colonel Aleksander Lacerda from the São Paulo Military Police. In Brasília, the Public Ministry of the Federal District and Territories questioned the command of the PM on the participation of agents in the protests.
For Julia Almeida Vasconcelos, the support of the security forces may not be generalized, but it needs to be analyzed carefully, “What causes concern is that the public security forces were no longer disputed, as a political project, by the progressive sectors of society . Bolsonarism is the only organized social sector that has expression in the security forces.”
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In addition to the sympathy of the military police and the armed forces, João Paulo Rodrigues said that Bolsonaro also has the incentive of those who represent Brazil’s “great capital”: entrepreneurs and agribusiness. On the other hand, the increasingly precarious situation of the Brazilian economy , the CPI and the actions of the Federal Supreme Court operate in the opposite direction.
“I suspect that Bolsonaro is at its worst moment and it’s not because of the craziness he talks about, but because of the economy. It’s very difficult for truck drivers to make a serious effort to support Bolsonaro with diesel at R$5 and gasoline at R$7. It is difficult for popular pocketnaristas sectors to go out onto the streets with a canister of cooking gas worth R$110”.
Watch the full broadcast below.
Edition: Vinícius Segalla