A supermarket in the municipality of Valença, in the southern region of the state of Rio de Janeiro, put fish heads on the shelves without the body of the fish. A kilo of the product is being sold by the Venturão chain.
On social networks, the page Barra Mansa Forte, who posted the image, highlighted that it is the first time that a part that not everyone consumed and that used to be discarded is seen on the tray. Some followers of the page claimed it is the legacy of hunger from the Jair Bolsonaro government.
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Amid the population’s growing difficulty in buying food, the sale of bones and parts that were not normally consumed, such as carcasses, are becoming increasingly common. Consumer protection entities have condemned this type of practice in supermarkets.
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In recent months, non-governmental organizations for social rights and food security, such as Ação da Cidadania, have been warning of the return of hunger in Brazil. For this reason, some NGOs are distributing food baskets to alleviate the situation of misery.
Worst inflation in over 25 years
According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), the preview of October inflation has the largest variation for the month since 1995. The Extended National Consumer Price Index 15 (IPCA-15) was 1.20% in October , 0.06 percentage point (pp) above the September rate (1.14%).
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In the year, the IPCA-15 accumulates an increase of 8.30% and, in 12 months, of 10.34%, above the 10.05% registered in the immediately previous 12 months. In October 2020, the rate was 0.94%.
Despite promises to improve the economy, the Bolsonaro government is responsible for the explosion in the price of the dollar, which has an impact on inflation. When he took over, in January 2019, 3.18 reais were needed to buy the US currency.
Today, it’s about R$ 5.40. This makes fuel and food more expensive, as agribusiness prefers to export in dollars rather than sell products like meat here, and leaves the domestic market with supply problems.
Food basket off the table
The average value of products in the basic food basket jumped to almost R$ 670, around 65% of the average income of Brazilian workers, according to the Inter-Union Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies (Dieese).
The famous PF, for example, or dish made with rice, beans, meat and salad, had an increase of almost 23% in one year, according to the Getúlio Vargas Foundation. Rice increased 37% and meat 32% in twelve months.
No money for water and electricity
In addition to water rationing, the risk of power outages, bill prices keep rising. In light, the red flag surcharge was increased by about 50%, with the average value of 14 reais per kWh.
But the increases came from before, according to figures raised by Dieese. In Paraná, in the last five years, from June 2016 to July 2021, electricity rose 49.55%, with inflation of 22.98%. Real increase of 21.61%. In water, from April 2016 to April 2021, the bill rose 47.47% for an inflation of 23.45%, a real increase of 19.46%.
Gasoline and gas in the heights
Gasoline has already passed R$7 in regions of the country, with the policy of readjustments in fuel prices carried out by Petrobras. In a thousand days of Bolsonaro’s management, the value of gasoline went, on average, from 4.26 to 5.92. Cooking gas, on the other hand, jumped from BRL 69 in 2019 to over BRL 100, a variation of around 45%.
Misery and hunger return
The income of Brazilians plummeted, being the lowest since 2017. According to the National Survey by Sample of Households (PNAD), by IBGE, this quarter the average worker’s income was R$2,433.
With the end of the minimum wage appreciation policy that was in force between 2011 and 2019, and high inflation, the drop in income was 9%, according to FGV, and it was only not greater because of the emergency aid during the pandemic . Unemployment also rose from 11 million in the last quarter of 2018 to 14 million people without work.
And there was and return from hunger. The most recent report by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) indicates that 23.5% of the Brazilian population has experienced moderate or severe food insecurity between 2018 and 2020.
Source: BoF Rio de Janeiro
Edition: Eduardo Miranda