On September 20 of this year, the Federal Public Ministry (MPF) of Brazil defended the continuation of an open criminal action against Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva for having committed smuggling of influences in exchange for money for purchase by the State brasileño, of 36 combat aircraft for a Swedish company, when you were not president of the Republic.
This is the last case that remains open against Lula. In recent years, the former president has faced at least 18 openings of investigation, indictments and criminal actions against him and spent only 580 days in prison, during which he revoked his political rights, refused to be a candidate, prohibited from giving interviews during that period of selections and does not allow siquiera to attend the burial of a brother.
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Currently, on the accusation that the Public Prosecutor’s Office falls and protects the Public Prosecutor’s Office, Lula, who left the office of president in 2010, ejected the “intend to be able to ejercer” a predominant influence peddling that led the Brazilian government to acquire una combat aircraft. Swedish company to the detriment of the others that competed in the Brazilian defense aircraft acquisition process.
In criminal proceedings, the MPF-DF accuses Lula of having “sold” the false idea that he could influence Dilma Rousseff’s government to buy 36 fighter planes from the Swedish company SAAB, and from the French company Dassault , who participated in the competence. The third option, the North American Boeing, had already abandoned the competition.
All took place within an intricate process of purchase of military equipment by the Brazilian State that had been negotiated since the government of Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995-2002) and whose conclusion was only made during the government of Dilma, in August 2015.
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In the demand, inspectors claim that former Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Löfven had signed a treaty to organize a meeting with former President Lula at the 2013 finals, the purpose of which was that Lula had used his influence on government Dilma to convince her to buy the Swedish champions.
The inspectors also allege that the Swedish agent (who at that time was still not the prime minister of the country) a letter had been written to Lula asking him that “he will pay this favor”.
This is what the MPF-DF says. The accusation, however, does not present any evidence that the letter will bring to Lula, as if it is described in the case of defense of the ex-president, does not explain how hubiera was possible, how hubiera occurred and the illegal arrangement between the president and the company. How would the former president have interceded with the federal government to carry out the purchase?
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The prosecution of the MPF does not offer these answers, but suggest a reason why the US company would have abandoned the competitive process before it ends: “The determining factor in the election of the ex-president [Dilma Rousseff] it appears to have been his crisis with then US President Barack Obama, based on documents filtered by Edward Snowden.”
“The process of acquiring Gripen NG boxes (the Swedish product) is a study impregnated with technical refinement and attention to economic-financial problems and the country’s fiscal situation. The complexity of the factors involved does not allow for simple justifications elaborated by the tax authorities for explain the decision-making process. Thus, the contribution of the Parquet (Public Prosecutor’s Office) to issue superficial opinions on topics that are of their relevance at the time”, was the answer, in the same process, prepared by the defense of Squid.
The renovation of the combat fleet of the Brazilian Air Force (FAB) is a long-standing project, which dates back to the government of José Sarney, and contains an important geopolitical decision. The evaluation was carried out by Alcides Peron, professor at the Álvares Penteado School of Commerce Foundation (Fecap).
“The purchase of armaments is not the purchase of a product that is identical, it obeys very solid, important and sensible sets of interests and geopolitical alignments”, says the researcher to Brasil de Fato.
He studied the FAB’s FX-2 program, as the name for the Brazilian purchase of combat aircraft, in his mastery at the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP) and announced that the Swedes of SAAB were elected because they offered mejor offset, a term used for the treatment of the compensation package that accompanies the negotiation. The sale of Gripen combat aircraft provides for the production of pieces for the aircraft in Brazil, by the Brazilian Aeronautics Company (EMBRAER), in addition to the training of personnel and the transfer of technology.
“We cannot think that three, five or ten soldiers were alone in the government in a small room discussing this. Hubo active participation of the national industry, sectors of FIESP [Federación de las Industrias del Estado de São Paulo], defense sectors that were amply compromised in this process”, analyzes Peron.
In this context, then the United States Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, visited Brazil in 2010 and defended the purchase of Boeing fighter aircraft. The United States Embajada in Brazil issued a statement defending the purchase of F-18 fighter aircraft. In addition, Donna Hrinak, ambassador of the United States in Brazil from 2002 to 2004, has been president of Boeing in Brazil since 2011.
United States, however, I have never studied about closing the contract with the Brazilian government. The selection was among the French of Dassault, as favorites in the dispute, and the Swedes of SAAB, evaluated by the teacher of the FECAP.
In 2013, an episode contributed to diminishing the chances that Boeing won the competence: the revelation by Edward Snowden that the United States spyed on President Dilma Rousseff and Petrobras then, as well as other world leaders, such as the German canciller Angela Merkel.
“Edward Snowden’s episode helps to shake a little the relations between Brazil and the US, but at this moment the selection of the North American combat aircraft was discarded a long time ago, because what they offered as offsets was very false and one Buying like this requires a set of benefits, as it is a geopolitical alignment.”
It is expected that the Federal Justice of the Brazilian Federal District will decide this year for the continuation of the criminal action.
Edition: Leandro Melito