Of the 8.9 million Brazilians who lost or stopped looking for a job between the 1st and 2nd semester of 2020, 6.3 million were black, equivalent to 71.4%. The data are from the Continuous National Household Sample Survey (Pnad Contínua) and were compiled in a special bulletin by the Inter-Union Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies (Dieese) released this Friday (19).
Black men and women make up 56% of the Brazilian population, and they were hit with greater intensity by the effects of the pandemic.
“When comparing 2021 with the 1st quarter of 2020, before the pandemic, it can be seen that a significant portion of blacks did not return to the workforce: 1.1 million black women and 1.5 million black men”, emphasizes the study .
“For blacks, the unemployment rate is always higher than for non-blacks. While for black men, it was 13.2%, in the 2nd quarter of 2021, for non-blacks, it was 9.8%. Among women, for every 100 black women in the workforce, 20 sought work, a higher proportion than that of non-black women, 13 for every 100.”
The federal government was slow to guarantee emergency aid to workers in the pandemic, and only released the R$600 under pressure from the National Congress. Contrary to the isolation measures, Jair Bolsonaro (no party) left the poor with no way out: to work and expose themselves to the virus, or to stay at home without income and starve.
Launched on the eve of Black Consciousness Day, the Dieese bulletin focuses on economic data, which reflect inequality in access to health care.
Early July data from the LocalizaSUS platform showed that deaths from respiratory disease during the pandemic grew 71% among blacks and 24.5% among whites. Most of the population, blacks received only 23% of the vaccines against covid-19 in Brazil, which may have delayed their return to the job market.
According to information from the Ministry of Health, blacks are 40% more likely to die from covid-19, as they are more exposed. Information from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) show that they represent 57% of those killed by the disease, while whites are 41%.
The Dieese study ends by noting that black men and women “face more obstacles to getting a job, earn less, and are often vulnerable and fragile.”
While non-black men and women received an average of BRL 3,471 and BRL 2,674 per month in the 2nd quarter of 2021, black workers earned BRL 1,968 and black female workers, BRL 1,617.
Edition: Vivian Virissimo