The capital of Rio de Janeiro had one of the biggest increases in the price of the basic food basket in the country for the month of October, according to the Inter-Union Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies (Dieese), which analyzed the variation in 17 Brazilian capitals.
Rio had an increase of 4.79% in the value of foods that make up the basket, lagging behind the high variations of Vitória (6%) and Florianópolis (5.71%). Next, come Curitiba (4.75%) and Brasília (4.28%).
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The most expensive basket was in Florianópolis (BRL 700.69), followed by São Paulo (BRL 693.79), Porto Alegre (BRL 691.08) and Rio de Janeiro (BRL 673.85). Among the capitals of the North and Northeast, where the composition of the basket has some differences in relation to other cities, Aracaju (R$ 464.17), Recife (R$ 485.26) and Salvador (R$ 487.59) registered the lower costs.
Between October last year and October 2021, the price of a set of staple foods rose in all capitals that are part of the survey, with the highest percentages in Brasília (31.65%), Campo Grande (25.62%), Curitiba (22.79%) and Vitória (21.37%).
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Dieese estimates that, compared to the most expensive basket in the country, that of Florianópolis, the minimum wage needed should be equivalent to R$5,886.50, which corresponds to 5.35 times the current national floor, of R$1,100.00 . The calculation takes into account a family of four, with two adults and two children.
This Wednesday (10), the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) released the IPCA (Broad National Consumer Price Index), which in October was 1.25%, changing 0.09 percentage points in relation to September (1.16%). It is the biggest change for the month of October since 2002.
According to the IBGE, all nine groups of products and services surveyed increased in October: Transport (2.62%), Food and beverages (1.17%), Clothing (1.80%), Housing (1.04% ), Articles of residence (1.27%), Education (0.06%) and Personal expenses (0.75%).
The rise in Transport (2.62%) is due, according to the IBGE, to fuel prices (3.21%). Gasoline rose 3.10% and had the biggest individual impact on the month’s index. It was the sixth consecutive rise in the prices of this fuel, which accumulates increases of 38.29% in the year and 42.72% in the last 12 months. In addition, the prices of diesel oil (5.77%), ethanol (3.54%) and vehicle gas (0.84%) also rose.
Source: BoF Rio de Janeiro
Edition: Eduardo Miranda