After a dispute that began in the Judiciary, the plenary of the Chamber of Deputies approved, on Thursday (14), the Provisional Measure (MP) 1054/21, which provides for extraordinary resources of around R$ 234.3 million to contain transmission of covid-19 among indigenous communities.
All parties instructed the benches to vote for the admission of the MP, which was signed by means of symbolic voting, when there is no counting of votes. The measure will now be evaluated by the Senate, and the text must finally be approved by next Tuesday (19) for it to be converted into law.
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The edition of the MP by President Jair Bolsonaro (no party) in early June came after a determination by Minister Luís Roberto Barroso, of the Federal Supreme Court (STF), in the scope of the Allegation of Non-compliance with Fundamental Precept (ADPF) 709.
The action was presented by the Articulação dos Povos Indígenas do Brasil (Apib) in partnership with the political parties PT, PSB, PDT, Psol, PCdoB and Rede, which demanded the presentation and execution of the General Plan to Combat Covid for Indigenous Peoples.
Due to the lack of attention to the basic and health needs of the indigenous communities during the pandemic, the Bolsonaro government suffered different partial defeats in the Court. Barroso forced the administration to format for at least three times the plan initially presented by the Executive for non-compliance with different determinations.
A fourth version was partially approved in March of this year, after the minister highlighted a “deep disarticulation” of government agencies in the preparation of the plan. The edition of the MP came next, as a way to meet the release of credits for the execution of the proposed actions, which had been demanded by the communities since the beginning of the sanitary crisis in the country.
“That’s why we consider that the approval of this MP is clearly a victory for the indigenous struggle and the opposition parties,” he told the Brazil in fact the measure’s rapporteur, Deputy Nilto Tatto (PT-SP), who did not change the original text.
The MP predicts that most of the resources – R$ 173.4 million – will be destined to the distribution of basic food baskets in traditional communities. The idea of the action is to prevent these populations from having to go to urban centers, thus reducing the risk of infection by covid. Indigenous peoples are more susceptible to infectious and contagious diseases, so the pandemic amplified the threats that surround the segment.
The other part of the resources will be destined to the Ministries of Citizenship and Defense and to the National Indian Foundation (Funai), and should be invested, among other measures, in funding agents to work on sanitary barriers that control the flow of people and products intended for traditional areas.
“Now, with the approval of the MP by the Chamber, we hope that next week it will be approved in the Senate, and then there is no longer any justification for the government not to implement these policies that are so necessary for the care of indigenous peoples, especially isolated and recent peoples. contact,” says Tatto.
The resources that will fund the actions come from the financial surplus verified in 2020 in the balance sheet of the Executive Branch.
Edition: Vinícius Segalla