The fight to reserve places, known as racial quotas, is historic and has Law No. 12,711, of 2012, as an important milestone. The implementation of this measure of historical reparation takes place from the understanding and perception that racism is a structuring element of society. It also considers the analysis of the Brazilian reality in which racism is of color or brand (phenotype) and not necessarily of origin (genotype).
Even with all the regulations that highlight the phenotypic criteria as guidelines for filling the vacancies reserved for blacks and browns, there are still many possible cases of undue occupation of chairs at federal universities. Candidates try to rely on black relatives or a birth certificate to claim membership in the quota target audience.
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As ex-minister Cézar Peluso brilliantly argued, when he voted for the dismissal of the action proposed by the Democrats (DEM) against UnB, “nobody discriminates against someone because they will have resorted to genetic testing and then discovered that the person has a drop of black blood . It makes no sense. The candidate who has always presented himself in society, due to his external characteristics, as not belonging, from a phenotypic point of view, to the black ethnicity, but who genotypically belongs to it, it seems to me that he should not and cannot be chosen and included in the quota , as it was never actually discriminated against. This is a situation that, in my opinion, should be considered in the reassessment of the selection criteria”.
Fraud of quotas at UFVJM
In the case of the Federal University of Vales do Jequitinhonha and Mucuri (UFVJM), the Heteroidentification Committees, responsible for validating the candidates’ self-declaration, only began to exist from the first half of 2018, after the entry of several students who already availed themselves of the reservation of places only with self-declaration.
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Since before that, the notices highlighted that the information provided was the sole responsibility of the candidate and could be verified at any time afterwards. The verification was structured in 2019, when a resolution of the Teaching, Research and Extension Council (Consepe) of the UFVJM established that students would undergo an evaluation by a panel in case of complaints.
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At the end of 2019, based on complaints made to the UFVJM ombudsman, at least 11 students admitted through the reservation of places were submitted to commissions to evaluate their phenotypic characters. Of these, at least seven cases were denied and were submitted to the Student Disciplinary Administrative Proceeding (PADD). Some processes are awaiting the opinion of the Federal Attorney General linked to the university.
Others three students had their enrollment canceled by a document signed by the dean Janir Alves Soares. Those who were dismissed from the university filed an appeal with the UFVJM University Council (Consu), which began discussing the agenda on October 21st. However, only one appeal was judged and the decision is not yet public. However, the student whose appeal was judged is outside the framework of students and the E-campus electronic system (Integrated Academic Management System or the popular “student portal”).
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The decision to dismiss students who cheated their quotas is symbolic of popular struggles and demands, and, at this juncture, it is a victory that should be celebrated. In addition, it is an opportunity to debate in depth the impact of the Quota Law, especially in the context of a public university located in the Jequitinhonha and Mucuri Valleys, in the North and Northwest of Minas.
At a time when the federal government is attacking the rights and dreams of Brazilian youth, putting an end to public policies and scrapping public education, it is necessary to reaffirm the importance of policies such as the Quota Law. It is also necessary to charge and ensure that these policies are properly implemented. Only in this way will they fulfill their role, which is to increasingly mitigate the enormous social, racial and gender inequalities that exist in Brazil.
Every fraud that takes place means one less black or indigenous young man at the university. It’s a dream that doesn’t start. It is a sign of disregard for the arduous struggle of the Brazilian people – especially the black and indigenous people –, the popular movements and the student movement. It is the perpetuation of a historical legacy of usurpation.
The fight is hard, but we are not alone. We follow for everyone and everyone who came before us and for everyone who will come. For the blood in the woods and for the eighty shots “by mistake”. By Dandara and Marielle. By Zumbi and Miguel Otávio. For true justice. Kao Kabecilê!
*Danilo Pereira Bispo is president of the Central Directory of Students at the Federal University of the Jequitinhonha and Mucuri Valleys (UFVJM) and is a member of the Popular Youth Movement.
**Deise Dutra Soares is director of diversity and anti-oppression policies at the Central Directory of Students at the Federal University of Jequitinhonha and Mucuri Valleys (UFVJM) and is a member of the Popular Youth Movement.
***This is an opinion piece and the author’s view does not necessarily express the editorial line of the newspaper.
Source: BoF Minas Gerais
Edition: Larissa Costa