Nicaragua holds presidential elections amid

The Nicaraguan population goes to the polls this Sunday (7) to choose the president and 92 deputies of its National Assembly. Also 20 representatives of the country will be elected in the Central American Parliament. The election, however, takes place in a scenario of external intervention and internal conflicts.

On the one hand, there is a strong US influence to pressure the government to change its domestic policy. According to GrayZone, on September 21, there was a hearing at the Foreign Affairs Committee of the US Congress to draw up policies to put pressure on the Ortega government through hybrid warfare.

At the center of this set of actions is the RENACER legislative act, “Strengthening Nicaragua’s adherence to conditions for electoral reform in 2021”, put on the agenda in January of this year by senator Robert Menendez.

:: Nicaragua celebrates 42 years of the Sandinista Revolution with public events ::

The act provides for a review of Nicaragua’s participation in the Free Trade Agreement which it is part of with the US and Dominican Republic; increases surveillance mechanisms on investments of any international institution for Nicaragua; and outlines a US Treasury effort with intelligence to direct a targeted sanctions campaign against the Central American country.

The reasons pointed out in the act for such intervention are the exercise of more democratic elections, but also an American discomfort with what it classifies as “activities of the Government of the Russian Federation in Nicaragua”.

RENACER condemns “cooperation between Russian and Nicaraguan military teams, intelligence services, security forces, and law enforcement.” This data was based on a February 2019 US Intelligence report.

:: BdF Explains | Hybrid War: a military project in Brazil ::

Nicaraguan Vice President Rosario Murillo, Ortega’s wife, defended the election taking place on Sunday, noting that 46 observers from Europe and another 124 from the Caribbean will participate as election observers.

Among the observers approved by the Superior Electoral Council are Gregorio Luis Mondaca, from the Movimiento del Socialismo Allendista in Chile, José Luis Centella and Miguel Ángel Bustamante, both from the Communist Party of Spain; Gerry Condon, former president of Veterans for Peace USA, an organization founded in 1895; and Jorge Alberto Kreyness, secretary of International Relations of the Communist Party of Argentina.

Miguel Rosales, from the Liberal Constitutionalist Party, praised foreign participation and criticized previous experiences in which there was an attempt by observers to impose a “predefined” agenda.

“Agenda aimed at boycotting, but not at building good. In this respect, we must have a balance. Today, more than ever, Nicaraguans and liberals, we have been pro-nationalists, we do not kneel down or sell our attitudes or thoughts to anyone other than the people of Nicaragua,” Rosales told Sputnik.

Sacha Llorenti, executive secretary of ALBA, highlighted that Ortega’s government had important achievements, such as reducing poverty from 48% to 24%, from extreme poverty from 17% to 7%, and being the fifth country in terms of policies for gender equality.

the internal stumbling blocks

If the Nicaraguan government must deal with an increasingly aggressive US government, its internal choices may not help the legitimacy of the election results.

The beginning of the contradictions of the Ortega government was marked by the protests of 2018, when part of the population took to the streets to protest against the measure proposed by the Executive to cut pensions by 5% and increase the contribution of workers by 3.5%. The government backtracked on measures after the protests.

A survey by the Cid Gallup institute, published by Confidencial magazine, indicates that 76% of Nicaraguans believe that Ortega’s re-election will not be legitimate and will not have national and international recognition. Those who believe that Ortega’s reelection will be legitimate total 22% of those interviewed.

LEARN MORE: Understand the factors that triggered the biggest opposition demonstrations in Cuba since 1994

“Mr. Ortega was careful to arrest all political competitors who appeared in these elections and we cannot expect this process to produce a result that we can consider legitimate, [mas] quite the opposite,” said the high representative of the European Union for Foreign Policy, Josep Borrell. “The situation in Nicaragua is one of the most serious that currently exists on the American continent.”

Ortega, of the Sandinista National Liberation Front, has presided over the country of 6.6 million inhabitants since 2007. The current president was one of the main leaders of the Sandinista Revolution, responsible for expelling the dictator Atanasio Somoza from power in 1979.

Edition: Arturo Hartmann

Deixe um comentário

O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado. Campos obrigatórios são marcados com *