Mexico publishes law of referendum to revoke mandate

Mexico published in the Official Gazette this Tuesday (14) the federal law of revocation of mandate, which provides for the possibility of holding a referendum to replace governors. The bill has been the subject of debate in the country for weeks. President Andrés Manuel López Obrador said he will hold the referendum until March 2022 so that the population can decide whether he will remain in office until 2024.

The law provides that signatures of 3% of the electorate in the country’s 17 states are required to trigger the recall referendum process.

“A true Democrat is not so attached to power,” said AMLO, who assumed the presidency in 2018. The announcement that he would be willing to face a recall referendum came shortly after the plebiscite to decide whether the Mexicans supported the opening of lawsuits investigation against five former presidents.

However, since July this year, when he reached the middle of his term, López Obrador has revealed data collected in an opinion poll carried out by the government secretariat, in which 67% of the 1,600 Mexicans interviewed agreed that the current administration represented an important change in the country. and 22.7% said they would support AMLO’s resignation before completing the six-year term.

The move would be a response to criticism from the right-wing opposition over the management of the covid-19 pandemic. Mexico has 3.52 million people infected and 268,000 died from the disease. Along with Argentina, it produces the Russian Sputnik V vaccine and immunized about 30% of the population.

This possible loss of popularity of the current government had already been pointed out by the local media after the elections in June this year. The ruling National Regeneration Movement (Morena) held a majority in the Chamber of Deputies but lost in Mexico City in nine of 16 city halls and the legislature in 12 districts.

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However, since the beginning of his term, López Obrador has always maintained majority support in the polls. On September 1, the newspaper El Financiero published other data that indicated 56% support for the president, and in some sectors the figure is even higher. AMLO gained 59% support among women, 63% among those vaccinated against covid-19, and 70% among Mexicans who identify with the left.

Demonstrations in support of the fight against corruption, one of AMLO’s promises in the presidency / Pedro Pardo / AFP

In May, López Obrador had denounced that the United States, through its cooperation agencies, financed right-wing opposition groups that used the slogan “fighting corruption” to plan a coup against his government.

The Mexican chancellery addressed the White House questioning the alleged interventionism and indicating that they supported the work of civil society organizations against corruption, but the “usaid-funded entities were explicit in their political militancy against the Mexican government.”

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Last weekend, Chancellor Marcelo Ebrard met with US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken in Washington and reiterated that Mexico will take forward the project to reform the Organization of American States (OAS). The written proposal must be presented next Saturday (18) during the meeting of heads of state of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC), in Mexico City.

In addition, in August, the Mexican president also announced that his country will stop exporting crude oil, prioritizing meeting domestic demand and boosting its oil industry, which directly affects its trade relations with the United States.

Edition: Thales Schmidt

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