Lack of access to vaccine and mask: Caximba is the record holder for

Located in the southern region of Curitiba, the district of Caximba is the place with the highest incidence rate and cases of covid-19 in the capital. According to figures from the Bem Paraná portal, there were 3,095 cases for every 10,000 inhabitants, until October this year. As a comparison, Água Verde, a central and high-income district, had an average of 999 cases for every 10,000, a third of the number registered in Caximba.

Among the explanations for the difference in these numbers are the difficult access to clean water, the lack of distribution of masks for the low-income population and the difficulty for residents to travel to the coronavirus vaccination posts in the capital.

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According to the socioeconomic report of Caximba, prepared by the NGO Teto, in 2019, 89% of the population in the neighborhood had irregular access to water. The study also points out that two thirds of the inhabitants receive between 500 and 1,497 reais a month.

Residents and community leaders heard by the report of the Brazil de Facto Paraná report that, during the pandemic, even a simple bath was a challenge, and even with almost 70% of the population completely vaccinated in Curitiba, there are still people who have not taken even the first dose in the neighborhood.

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Pastor Jorge Nunes, president of the Association of Neighborhood Friendly Residents of Caximba, reports that during the pandemic there was no distribution of masks to the communities, which have difficulty in purchasing them. “I didn’t see any masks donated by the post or by Cras [Centro de Referência da Assistência Social], only the Joana Raksa school distributed it. Here, few people use it, only the children, because they are being instructed by the teachers”, he says.

Lucília Almeida de Sousa, a manicurist, who lives in the neighborhood, reports that there is no money for the masks. “Today I had to give bread and oil to my son because I didn’t have the money to buy margarine,” says Lucília, who is from Bahia and came to live in Curitiba after some time in São Paulo. She had covid-19, as well as the five family members she lives with, and she says she had sequelae from the disease and that she still hasn’t been vaccinated. “My husband is about to take the second dose, but he has to go to Tatuquara, and to go he has to drive or have money, and we don’t have any”, she says.

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In addition to the difficulty for residents to travel to the vaccination posts, Pastor Jorge says that the lack of guidance from the city hall also makes it difficult. “I feel that many people did not take it due to lack of information, not everyone here is able to follow through the city hall the guidelines for taking the vaccine.”

If the difficulty of vaccinating and the use of masks has been a problem, the lack of basic sanitation and access to clean water makes it even worse. “Without water, we are every day. Water comes one day, and then it goes two, three days without. Here we use a drum, but as there are five of us, it ends up not being able to have water for everyone”, says Lucília.

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The report of Brazil de Facto Paraná contacted the city of Curitiba, via the Secretariat for Social Communication, asking about health security policies in the region and in relation to the numbers of those vaccinated. As of this writing, there has been no response.

Source: BoF Paraná

Edition: Frédi Vasconcelos and Lia Bianchini

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