La fight for reproductive rights is global

Capitalism’s need to reproduce and care for the work force was institutionalized during the creation of the modern state, which legislated the biological determinism of women in the home, motherhood and the private sphere of social reproduction. Since then, the women of the world have been organized, fighting for a concept of citizenship that does not exclude women, migrants, LGBTBQ or racialized persons. In this way, the path of democracy has been extended and revolutions will emerge, as well as the theory and practice that transform the world.

This path has been one of turns and turns with blocks and resistance. In honor of the 28th of September, Worldwide Action Day for Legal, Safe and Free Abortion, women from different regions of the world shared reflections on this crucial topic.

This international day of lucha, like many others, comes from Sur Global. In 1990, it was organized in Argentina at the V Feminist Encuentro of Latin America and the Caribbean and invited people from all over the world to work on a collective international agenda for the emancipation of women and different gender bodies, to fight against them clandestine deaths, criminalization and poverty that obliges many to have children without desire. Today, September 28, is a day of global action around the world that puts in the center of the international debate the need for autonomy on the body and access to the care necessary to act according to its own election.

Worldwide there is great diversity in terms of access to sexual and reproductive rights. There are countries with laws that allow abortion with a law of periods (last 14, 22 weeks, etc.), others with laws that allow medical procedures in specific cases (the feasibility of the fetus, the violation or the risk for life de la madre), other places where people who abort the helper to abort are directly criminalized and can be imprisoned. A third of the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean have a total prohibition of abortion. In El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Dominican Republic and Haiti, women face imprisonment even when abortions are spontaneous. The case of María Teresa Rivera, a Salvadoran who lives in Sweden, the first known case of asylum linked to abortion rights, expresses an extreme situation of persecution and how the body of women is criminalized.

In spite of all the differences, the underlying reality is that abortion and reproductive justice are questions of class, which carry a huge social stigmatization, and continue to be in the center of struggle against reactionary traditions, religious conservatism and it extreme right-handedness.

In many countries, the fight for reproductive justice has centered on the approval of a law that legalizes the medical procedure. Without embargo, activists from all over the world insist that the fight is growing more, “this is not just an abortion law, there is a broader panorama”: The impact of neoliberalism on the rights of women”, señaló Nalu Farias , by World Womens March.

This fight takes place at the same time when access to health and public services, storeroom programs, employment and decent living are attacked daily, which directly affects the women who are responsible for ensuring reproduction daily life of family. Barbara Tassoni, from Potere al Pópolo, an Italian health care organization, explained that “it could provide public health care for all, but the privatization of the health system continues, so that the provision of basic care is inescapable. in our realities as young women and prevents us from having a free motherhood and desire without precariousness.”

La fight for autonomy

Each generation of women fights against the State, puts pressure on the law, fights on the law that guarantee the autonomy of women, intends to advance in our rights. However, throughout history, all these achievements are questioned in each capitalist crisis, as it is accelerated by the pandemic of COVID, showing the fragility of our victories.

The coordinated international attack on the right, the extreme right and religious groups expressly opposed to abortion have been attacked and they are vulnerable to the rights previously conquered. In many countries, they block the application of existing laws, cut the limit on existing access to contraception and abortion, and impede sexual education in schools. In many countries, the right-wing discourse plants women as instruments of demographic change, enlivening the fear of the overpopulation of the undesired minority. like Poland. The separation between the State and religion is one of the key questions with which we can analyze the reproductive rights of women. In 1965, Tunisia became the first Muslim country to liberalize its abortion law.

Currently, Texas is at the epicenter of abortion policy with the SB8 law, which would prohibit all abortions after 6 weeks. In practice, this means a total prohibition of abortions, whereas the majority of people do not know that they are embarrassed until after the first six weeks. It says that “the legalization of abortion is based on the concept of privacy, treating the rights of the woman as an individual case, because theoretically we have the private right to choose the result of our embarrassment” In the United States, the only legal basis which exists to support the access to abortion and the Roe v Wade sentence of 1973. “This is very problematic, because it allows an open interpretation by the different state governments, which leads to the fact that access varies a lot across the country depending on of the ruling party”. For example, where the law is interpreted in a conservative way and abortion is only allowed in very concrete cases or not at all, it is underfunded or if organizations and clinics provide health services to marginalized communities and women.

Inclusion in places where there are laws that guarantee the right to be elected, many of the people who wish to abort are facing guardians such as administrators or local doctors. According to Ada Donno, from the International Democratic Federation of Women, in Italy “the possibility of refusing to have an abortion is called “objection of conscience” and in Italy between 70% and 90% of gynecologists are used”. The situation is similar in the Spanish State, hence, according to Nora García, “we have real numbers of these doctors of conscience in the Community of Madrid, for example, governed by the authorities for more than 25 years. es that there were 0 abortions of 16,330 by public health in 2019.” This demonstrates that there are effective in our rights and a question of political will, because supposedly Spain has one of the most advanced policies in Europe. In Germany, the decision to abort must be authorized by a doctor after a mental examination.

The guardians are only religious gynecologists, regional governments and psychologists, who can also be a king. In Morocco, Mohamed VI himself is the arbiter of all rights or decisions concerning women in the country. In many countries, “concerned citizens” and “provided” local associations fight with impunity violence and prison pickets in front of women’s health clinics against workers and patients, while they receive public funding to act En against de la ley.

When the term “adolescent embarrassment” applies to girls under 14, access to abortion is too late. The lack of sexual education, the extreme imbalance of power between genders (which makes the concept of consent debatable), the social stigma surrounding the body of women in general and sexuality in particular; It demonstrates that la fights for our autonomy and is la fights for making informed decisions. This is very clear in the context of many countries on the African continent, as Zikhona of Pan African Today explains: “Sexual education is a very basic and fundamental knowledge that women in the working class need. Also for all ages. Tell teenagers about menstruation, adult women about sexual transmission diseases and also about menopause. African countries”.

In Latin America, it has a clear response to rights and anti-rights across the continent, following the victories that enshrine safe abortion in Uruguay (2012), Chile (2017), Argentina (2020) and Mexico (2021). Laura Capote y Agostina Betes from ALBA Movimientos commented that “It is part of the strategies deployed in the territory to curb the uprooting of the emancipatory proposals. In America we live daily situations such as a 10-year-old Brazilian girl, to be violated the minister of women, the family and the human rights of the government of Bolsonaro tried to prevent access to a legal abortion in 2020.”

This wide range of porteros is no more than a symptom of the generalized idea that the minds and bodies of women need to be controlled under a capitalist and neoliberal world order. For only the rights of women are so dangerous for the current global system. For so many have been united in this fight, and each victory in every part of the world, like in Argentina last year, or in Mexico this September, whence it New legislation on abortion includes that the “objection of conscience” cannot block our rights, and 77% support in the referendum on abortion in San Marino, Italy, has given more force to this global struggle.

More from the clandestine system

Not legislating abortion does not prevent abortions from taking place. For example, in Morocco there are between 500 and 800 clandestine abortions a day, with all the risks involved. The Argentine motto “Sexual education to decide, Contraceptives not to abort and Legal abortion to not die” articulates three of the main demands of women around the world. Without embargo, a deeper analysis is needed to understand and, therefore, to face the roots of attacks on the rights of women and of people with gender diversity. Feminist movements in the world must be part of the global alliance that strives to open up the center of the society of the markets and bring it closer to the reproduction of life since emancipation and liberation.

Edition: Thales Schmidt

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