A survey carried out by the State Department of Health (SES) to analyze how the people of Rio de Janeiro are being impacted by the pandemic revealed that, in the 2019 and 2020 biennium, the age groups from 20 to 39 years old and 15 to 19 years old are the most affected regarding to mental health.
According to the survey, developed to support public policies for the area, the first group figures in 45% of notifications of self-inflicted violence, while the second group is responsible for 22% of cases.
“In the survey, we also noticed that, in the state of Rio de Janeiro, the mortality rate has gradually increased. Men are the ones who suffer the most, with a death rate three times higher than women. Women, in turn, are the ones who suffer most from self-inflicted violence, reaching 72.4% of the total cases registered in the public network in 2020″, explains the coordinator of Health Surveillance and Promotion, of the State Department of Health , Eralda Ferreira, who also called attention to the increase in cases involving women.
“Another phenomenon that we noticed is the stronger growth of records of violence in general for females, both suicides and notifications of self-inflicted violence”, points out Ferreira.
Read more: “Suicide is linked to intense psychological distress that needs care”
In the world there was a 36% reduction in the global suicide mortality rate in the last 20 years, in the Americas, the movement was the opposite and registered a 17% increase in the suicide mortality rate in the same period.
In Brazil, this expansion was also verified, and the last survey carried out showed that, in the last 10 years, there was an increase in the number of deaths per 100,000 inhabitants, from 4.95 in 2009 to 6.42 in 2019 , a growth of 30%.
In order to reduce these numbers, the superintendent of Psychosocial Care and Vulnerable Populations of SES-RJ, Karen Athié, explains that this year, the focus of September Yellow, month of suicide prevention, are young people and adolescents, one of the most affected by the loss of perspective with the future.
“It’s important to be attentive to the signs and always have reception as a fundamental rule, especially now that the hopelessness resulting from the pandemic crisis is one of the most present feelings. In addition, we are also focusing on the construction of the suffering that the person is going through and their relationship with the collective”, emphasizes Athié.
To broaden the debate, the organization is holding today, World Day for the Prevention of Suicide, the Forum for Psychosocial Care Prevention of suicide in young people and adolescents.
The seminar takes place on the SES YouTube channel from 9 am to noon and is attended by Eralda Ferreira, coordinator of Health Surveillance and Promotion; Michael Vida, nurse and director of CAPSi III Maria Clara Machado, in the city of Rio de Janeiro and Rossano Cabral, psychiatrist, professor and vice-director of the UERJ Institute of Social Medicine.
Source: BoF Rio de Janeiro
Edition: Jaqueline Deister