Researcher Jamila Perini, from the West Zone State University Center Foundation (Uezo) and the Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics (Into), both in Rio de Janeiro, is studying the impact of the pandemic on Brazilian athletes. About 600 athletes, between 18 and 45 years old, from more than 20 different sports modalities participate in the research.
The study analyzes the biological, psychological and social impact of covid-19 on Brazilian athletes, with the aim of evaluating the prevalence of the disease and identifying the epidemiological, clinical, athletic, lifestyle and health factors associated with the disease caused by the SARS virus -CoV2 on these individuals, including the financial as well as psychological impact.
In the first survey conducted through online interviews, in the period from August to November 2020, 414 athletes were recruited, after being publicized on social networks, and in more than 680 clubs and federations. The first results have already been published this year in the journal Biology of Sport.
Read more: Pernambuco has six athletes in the Tokyo Olympics; know the dates and times of competitions
Analyzes of the psychological impact of the pandemic, quarantine and the difficulties of athletes in training and lack of sponsorship are being finalized. But researchers have already identified that, during the pandemic, symptoms such as anxiety, insomnia, depression or stress were self-reported by about 80% of the 578 athletes who have already completed the questionnaire. Among these, 513 (88.7%) reported symptoms of stress, 420 (72.7%) insomnia, 268 (46.4%) anxiety and 157 (27.2%) depression.
Among the data already published, the investigation showed that less than 50% of athletes tested for covid in the period. The low rate is because many of the respondents are low-income, were left without sponsorship during the pandemic and use the Unified Health System (SUS). Among those who took the covid-19 test, 8.5% had the disease. More than 25% of athletes testing negative or untested reported more than three symptoms characteristic of covid-19, and 11% of athletes testing positive for disease were asymptomatic.
Read more: Aída dos Santos, the athlete without a uniform
During the pandemic, athletes lost sponsorships and had to re-adapt their training, including inadequate locations and lack of coaches. As a result, almost 20% of respondents reported musculoskeletal injuries during the period.
The study is part of a line of research by Uezo, the National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics (Into) and the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz).
Source: BoF Rio de Janeiro
Edition: Jaqueline Deister