A poverty reduction campaign in China, carried out between 2013 and 2020, lifted 100 million people out of this situation in the country, eradicating poverty there. To better understand the process, the Tricontinental Institute for Social Research conducted a comprehensive survey of the initiative.
Published last Friday (23), the study heard Chinese and international experts and made field visits to poverty-reduction sites in Guizhou province, more than 2,000 kilometers from the Chinese capital, and in Beijing, where they are located. the last nine counties out of poverty in the country.
According to researcher Tings Chak, the Chinese government’s initiative mobilized society as a whole to achieve the goal. According to her, it was clear that just giving people money was not enough to alleviate poverty and that, therefore, the concept of targeted poverty alleviation was created.
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“So they sent three million party cadres to the countryside to live there for several years to get to know each person who is poor and ask about income, about health,” he explains.
Thus, it became evident that it was not enough to just give aid to the population and other measures were taken. Clothing and food, for example, are guaranteed by the government of China. In addition, basic education is guaranteed and public.
“The housing is also guaranteed. But there is also electricity and drinking water at home. It’s amazing the groundwork that has been done to connect in very remote places. Because you have to win people’s trust again,” he says.
Furthermore, the study shows that poverty eradication is the result of a historic process that began with the Chinese Revolution in 1949. During that period, 850 million Chinese were lifted out of the poverty line. This means that 70% of the total poverty reduction on the planet took place in China.
According to Chank, the government has pursued five major projects to resolve the situation. One of them was to create agricultural and agroecological productive projects. Another was to carry out a reforestation initiative. “Over the past 20 years, 25% of the world’s new forests were created in China,” he says.
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Other examples of initiatives were investment in education, population literacy and social assistance. “A lot of people cannot work. There are a lot of elderly people, people with health problems”, he says.
In addition, the researcher also claims that it was necessary to relocate many people who lived in places with danger from natural disasters or in very remote regions that the government was unable to reach.
“There are grassroots organizations in the party that teach elderly people to cross the street. Some of them had never seen a traffic light in their lives. These organizations teach you how to go to the market, how to buy something on your cell phone, how to use the elevator… this is the level of care and organization that has to be done to achieve this big goal. We were thrilled seeing the level of detail”, he says.
Edition: Rebeca Cavalcante