The Legislative Assembly of Paraná (Alep) approved in the second round of voting, in the session this Tuesday (14), the proposal that institutes the guidelines for home education in the context of basic education. The project received 38 votes in favor and eight against.
Leader of the PT’s caucus in Alep, deputy Tadeu Veneri highlighted the illegality of the measure and defended that “education should be public, free, of quality and within schools.”
The deputy also reinforced the importance of the school as an environment of socialization and safety for children and adolescents.
“Another concern, in addition to the distancing and isolation of children, is that today schools, both public and private, are generally spaces where children find support when they suffer violence. And not having this service can generate future problems” , he warned.
The proposal determines the admission of home education, under the responsibility of parents or guardians, observing the articulation, supervision and periodic evaluation of learning by educational bodies.
Practice is not mandatory. Parents may choose between school or home education, and the option must be communicated to a competent body defined by the Executive Branch through a specific form.
The matter also determines that families who opt for home education must keep up-to-date records of the pedagogical activities developed, in addition to submitting them to the competent authorities. Even with home education, children and adolescents enrolled in the regime will be evaluated through institutional tests applied by the public education system.
For deputies from the opposition bench, the project is unconstitutional.
“This proposal violates the Law of Guidelines and Bases for Education and the Statute of Children and Adolescents. It is unconstitutional. We are going to court to seek the nullity of this law”, declared the leader of the opposition in the house, deputy professor Lemos (PT).
The deputy recalled that the Cascavel City Council, in western Paraná, approved a similar proposal, which was considered unconstitutional by the Court of Justice.
“The argument is that only Congress can change the Law of Directives and Bases (LDB), which derives from the Federal Constitution. The LDB cannot be changed by state law or municipal law”, reinforced Lemos.
The opposition is considering the possibility of appealing to the Supreme Court if the law is sanctioned by the governor. The understanding is that this proposal could not be approved in the Legislative Assembly, but that the competence to legislate on the subject belongs to the National Congress.
The bench also presented an amendment to stop the measure. In the proposal, the opposition proposed that “formal schooling in a conventional educational institution will be the only pedagogical modality accepted in basic education in Paraná, with mandatory enrollment and attendance of students in an official educational establishment.”
The amendment, however, was rejected by the Constitution and Justice Commission (CCJ).
Source: BoF Paraná
Edition: Lia Bianchini