According to data from the Ministry of Economy and Labor, in the last ten years, the number of immigrants in Curitiba has practically tripled. Of that number, almost 40% are Haitians, with the presence of Argentines, Paraguayans, Portuguese, Chileans and Venezuelans, who come to the city in search of a better life.
This is the case of Wilnar Rosier, 34 years old, graduated in Tourism, and who has been in Brazil since 2011. Haitian, from Gonaives, the fourth largest city in the country, entered Brazilian soil via the Acre border, like many from his country who came here in search of opportunities and to escape the difficulties of a Haiti plagued by widespread poverty and natural disasters such as earthquakes that devastated the capital, Port-au-Prince.
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Wilnar says that. when he came to Brazil, he first settled in Porto Alegre and then in Curitiba, where he has been for eight years, but who has already traveled to other parts of Brazil. “I passed through Rio de Janeiro, Foz do Iguaçu, Salvador, many places before arriving here.” Rosier lives in an urban occupation, in Vila União, in Tatuquara, in Curitiba.
“If it weren’t for God and this occupation, I would be living on the streets, it’s very difficult to get a job”, he says. for the appointments. “Without the documents, I can’t work, and with the pandemic my financial situation got worse,” he says.
Wilnar has an 11-year-old daughter, who he left in Haiti, and, even though he graduated in Tourism, he is looking to go to another college. “It’s been a while since I’ve been able to send money to my daughter because of the difficulties we’re going through”, he reveals. Since March, the Haitian has been trying to renew his documentation, but he has not been able to get an answer from the Federal Police in Curitiba.
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For the regional secretary of Cáritas, a confederation of 165 humanitarian organizations of the Catholic Church that works in more than 200 countries, Márcia Ponce, with the pandemic, the difficulties for several immigrants to be able to renew their documents have worsened. “Difficulties have increased especially in Paraná, we have reports of appointments for June of next year. We are dealing with a very small number of calls”, he says.[Continua após o vídeo.]
In addition to the bureaucratic difficulty, many immigrants also come up against employability. Wilnar reveals that he has already gone through situations of embarrassment in some companies. “I was already prevented from applying for a position because I was a Haitian, the company said that it was not racism on their part, but on the part of the customers they serve”, he says.
Your case is not isolated. Márcia Ponce says that Cáritas has been receiving several reports similar to Wilnar’s, a situation that, according to her, has to do with the increase in hate groups in Brazil and Curitiba. “This is the result of this movement that we have in the world, and more specifically in Brazil, a hateful fascist, and who has intensified”, he says.
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She also remembers that, like Wilnar, many arrive in Brazil with qualifications, but end up having several difficulties to revalidate their diploma. “There are extremely capable people who arrive here and Brazil does not invest a penny. We have a huge difficulty to revalidate the diplomas in the country. We are carrying out an awareness-raising process with companies and the MPT [Ministério Público do Trabalho] to show companies the importance of opening up to the issue of diversity”, explains Márcia.
The report of Brazil in fact Paraná contacted the Federal Police to understand if there is any specific problem in the immigration documentation process. Until the closing of this report, there was no response.
Source: BoF Paraná
Edition: Frédi Vasconcelos and Lia Bianchini