Last July 19, it became news that Argentina started to recognize the right to retirement of mothers who dedicate their lives to caring for their children through the Comprehensive Program for Recognition of Contributions by Care Tasks.
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It is a measure guaranteed by decree (475/2021), published on July 17, as a result of the technical work of ANSES (National Administration of Social Security), which modifies the country’s Retirement and Pension Law, now providing for the recognition of time spent caring for children for retirement purposes.
The general rule is the addition of a woman’s contribution time of one year per child; two years per child, in case of adoption of a minor child or adolescent; two years if it is a child with a disability; or three years if you have received the AUH for 12 months, consecutive or not, which is a benefit for parents or guardians who are unemployed or have low income. With the new law, the time of maternity leave is now also computed for contribution purposes.
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The forecast is to benefit about 155,000 women who are of retirement age, but who do not have sufficient contribution time under the old rules.
The measure is part of the initiatives of the Interministerial Table formed in February 2020 and which brings together 15 agencies of the National Executive Branch to plan and implement policies that guarantee a fairer social organization of care.
From a simple reading of the official websites and the regulations of the Argentine State, the progress in the debates regarding the recognition of inequalities between men and women and the need for policies that focus on the dimension of structure, such as the recognition of domestic work and care, is evident. and the legalization of abortion.
Approved in December 2020, the right of a woman to choose to terminate a pregnancy until the 14th week of pregnancy is the result of an intense national mobilization. The National Campaign for the Legalization of Abortion is set in 2006, with the drafting of a bill for the voluntary interruption of pregnancy. In other words, about 15 years of strategic struggle around the agenda.
Even earlier, since 1986, National Women’s Encounters have been held and their last face-to-face edition was just a year before the approval of the legalization of abortion. The historic edition (34th) brought together more than 200 thousand women from all over Latin America on the eve of the presidential elections in Argentina, which culminated in the election of Alberto Fernández.
A year after being elected, Fernández, in response to feminist pressure, presents the bill for the legalization of abortion. As of the 35th edition, the annual feminist mobilization was renamed Plurinational Meeting of Women, Lesbians, Transvestites and Non-Binary and in 2020 it took place remotely with small mobilizations in the territories due to the covid-19 pandemic.
But in November 2019 it wasn’t just the voluntary interruption bill that was put to vote. A project that became known as “Plano dos Mil Dias” provides a monthly income for unemployed pregnant women, domestic workers, enrolled in government social programs or earning less than the local minimum wage.
Income redistribution policies through the recognition of contribution time for retirement or basic income purposes, for example, promote social justice and return part of the social contribution from work that is not formalized, or even made visible, such as housework and care mostly attributed to women.
It is not a favor, but a class right to have all kinds of work recognized and valued. Our Argentine sisters continue to inspire the challenges of Latin American and world feminism, combining debates on women’s bodies, work and autonomy, as well as popular organization, strengthening democracy and national sovereignty. Thanks, let’s organize! The collective struggle is political, comrades.
*Elisa Maria She is a member of the World March of Women and a Master in Justice and Human Rights in Latin America from UFPE
**This is an opinion piece. The author’s vision does not necessarily express the newspaper’s editorial line Brazil in fact.
Source: BoF Pernambuco
Edition: Vanessa Gonzaga