Discouraged: person who would like to work, but gave up looking for a job because he believed he couldn’t. The definition of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) illustrates an often invisible face of a Brazil riddled with unemployment.
Across the country, there are 5.97 million discouraged people, according to the latest results of the Quarterly Continuous National Household Sample Survey. Pernambuco alone totals 325,000, a number that is growing when compared to the first quarters of 2019 and 2020. The increase in population in this condition reveals the hopelessness that is also expanding in the midst of the economic crisis.
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Although the IBGE survey does not detail the reason for the withdrawal, Fernanda Estelita, Research Manager at the Institute in Pernambuco, says that it is possible to identify a profile.
“In general, it is a person who has searched a lot and has not found it. She is really down. There are some people who say: I don’t have a job in my city, I’ve already checked it out, so I’m not even willing to make that effort because I know I won’t be able to do it”, he says.
As its name suggests, the index reflects the feeling of disbelief about the future. “Dismay is a matter beyond the market, it is a matter of how people are feeling and if they are confident that things will get better”, contextualizes the manager.
In addition to the lack of work, the problem can also be understood from a psychological point of view. For psychologist Miguel Gomes, a dimension that can explain this reality is the internalization that the person is to blame for unemployment, and not the lack of public policies that encourage training and the development of new jobs.
“This is very much related to poverty. People living in a vulnerable condition end up taking responsibility. There is no perception that there is a social injustice and a State incapable of promoting equity among people. They live the fact that they are in misery in a precarious situation as if it were their fault”, he comments.
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Simultaneously, the unemployment condition feeds back the feeling of failure, further aggravating the individual’s negative perception of their own reality.
“Our society highly values this idea of the productive human being who has to be earning money. As people overvalue work, when you don’t have a job, it’s as if the person feels less complete. This appears in the suicide rate: we have an increase in the suicide rate due to people not getting a job”, he says.
Miguel emphasizes that taking responsibility for something that should belong to the State generates psychological conflicts. “People suffer a lot in this situation. People who are not looking for a job are not satisfied, they are sad, sad, with a certain disappointment with their own lives”, he describes.
Secretary of Labor, Qualification and Entrepreneurship of Pernambuco, Alberes Lopes emphasizes that there are jobs, but recognizes that the situation of the discouraged is worrying.
When you don’t have a job, it’s as if the person feels less complete.
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“Today, 528 jobs were advertised in our agency. But we know how difficult it is for people who do not have qualifications and cannot qualify. Most of the people who are unemployed have not even finished high school. So this shows that the low qualification means that these people have few opportunities”, he points out.
Asked about initiatives to promote training, the secretary mentioned the project aimed at farmers in Triunfo and Taquaritinga do Norte for coffee production and the program for making handicrafts with tilapia leather in Petrolândia, Tacaratu and Floresta, all municipalities in the Sertão of Pernambuco. “We are exploring regional potential,” he said.
Lopes recalled that Pernambuco generated more than 6,000 jobs in July, according to data from the General Register of Employed and Unemployed Persons (Caged), the best result for the month in nine years and that the expectation for 2021 is to generate almost 18,000 jobs .
Source: BoF Pernambuco
Edition: Vanessa Gonzaga